Gerard Genette’s Narratology. 1. Name: Nikunj Bhatti Roll no M.A. Semester: 2 Enrolment No.: Year: Paper no. GERARD GENETTE. Narrative Discourse. AN ESSAY IN METHOD. Translated by Jane E. Le-win. Foreword by Jonathan Culler. CORNELL UNIVERSITY. 3 days ago The third section deals with the narrative articulation of time, taking as a guideline Gérard Genette’s theory in ‘Narrative Discourse’, modified as.

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The most important of the structural narratologists, Gerard Genettehas argued for the autonomous nature of the literary text. Genette, for instance, argues that the narrative voice has many levels. The voice is constituted by the following ggerard.

This context of the narrative moment is crucial to understand the meaning of that utterance. This is the time indicated by the tense of the verb in the narrative. The narrative instance also indicates the time of narration with respect to the events narrated.

For example, the narrative may be about a future eventwhere the narrative time is prophetic. Or, in certain novels the time of the event is the time of the narrative itself, where the event is narrated as it happens. In third person narratives there is no such time of narration, because the events are recounted from a geeard outside the narrative itself.


Thus narrative time refers to the time of the narrative. This refers to the relation of the acts narrated to the act of narration itself. For example, is the narrative a story within a story? The narrator may tell us about the events which lead to his narrating to us the story of a character: It happened this way…. The sequence of events in relation to the order of narration. The rhythm at which the events take place does the narrative expand episodes, summarise them? The extent of repetition in a narrative how many times has an event happened in the story?

This is distinguished by Genette into two further categories: Narrative focus alternates and shifts throughout the narrative and may be of two kinds 1 paralipse: Types of focalisation may be based on TWO criteria: The statements made constitute narrative discourse.

Focalization – the living handbook of narratology

The narration is the act of making the statements. Narrative discourse is thus imbedded in the narration of the story, but is not identical to either of them. The heterodiegetic narrator is one who does not participate in the story.


When characters become narrators they are intradiegetic.

If such an intradiegetic narrator is also one of the characters in the story narrated by him or her i. This early text is a hypotext.


Paratextuality refers to the relations between the body of text with its titles, epigraphs, illustrations, notes, and first drafts. Architextuality refers to the genre demarcations. Metatextuality refers to the relationship between a commentary and its object. The voice is constituted by the following elements: Leave a Reply Cancel reply.

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