Geographia Polonica () vol. 91, iss. 2, pp. | Full text. Geographia Polonica () vol. Special issue for the 21st International. Geographia Polonica is a scientific geographic journal that has been published.

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Border changes in Central and Eastern Europe: Geographia Polonica vol. The objective of this paper is to consider the main border issues and cross-border relationships in Central and East Europe CEE in the context of changing theoretical approaches to border studies. The authors start by geogrphia the impact of the impressive progress in the theory of borders on studies of CEE.

Fundamental political changes in this poloncia of Europe after were associated with the opening of borders and the intensification of cross-border cooperation, which have radically transformed the functions of boundaries.

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Emerging cross-border regions became spaces of communication, interaction, innovations and development. The EU enlargement to the east and the inclusion of most CEE countries in the Schengen zone accelerated the processes of re- and de-bordering and the diversification of the functions and regime of borders.

The powerful waves of migration to the European Union over recent years have again greatly gsographia the situation in border areas and provoked the construction of new walls. In conclusion the authors propose eight research questions forfuture studies of borders and bordering in CEE. Border politics in Central Europe: Hungary and the role of national scale and nation-building. This essay focuses attention on aspects of border politics that give evidence of nation-building and national consolidation processes in Central Europe.

In a normative, policy-oriented sense this is a question of borders as framing conditions for regional development. In a more critical and analytical sense this involves interrogating the actual use of borders in politically and ideologically framing national interests within a wider Europeancontext.

The essay begins with a brief discussion of Europeanisation processes understood in terms of the promotion of cross-border cooperation CBC in Central Europe. Here, the significance of national structural conditions for implementation of Cohesion and regional policies and hence CBC will be discussed. One result that emerges gelgraphia that while EU-European principles of cross-border cooperation have been partly mainstreamed into regional development policies they have at the same time been superimposed by the domestication of EU policies in the interest of nation-building.

More specific evidence is then provided by Hungarian experience where national scale and nation-building have played key roles in conditioning the quality of cross-border cooperation and in the framing of state borders as resources.

Attention will focus on: Central EuropeHungarybordersborder politicsnational scalecross-border cooperation. James Wesley Scott [ james. An outline of border changes in the area between the Baltic and the Mediterranean: An important generator of problems here has been the multi-ethnic composition of the population, a source of diffuse political processes often even giving rise to conflict. Border policies have served as indicators of the relationships pertaining between countries, though they have an even broader exponent relating EU policies and peacekeeping missions, among other things, and thus offering nothing less than a laboratory for geopolitics both old and new.

In the three parts present here, the first represents a short theoretical discussion concerning national systems, while the polonca offers an empirical analysis of border changes and policies in the area stretching from Georaphia to the Bosphorus and Trieste.


Finally, a third, synthetic, part discusses recent challenges to border policies in the area in question geograaphia by processes of European integration, as set against the new security paradigms of our era. Particular emphasis is placed on strong immigration pressure, pan-Turkish strategic aspirations, the Balkan area and its policies and the relationship between the EU and Russia. Comparing the development of border regions with the use of GIS the case of Russia. The originality of this research is in the processing of large amounts of data 30 meters resolution images and medium-scale topographic maps on vast areas and the construction of maps allowing analyzing the data on a new scale.

The peripheral character of most border areas is a serious challenge for the development of cross-border cooperation. Depopulation and geographix depressed state of their economy do not stimulate contacts between neighboring territories. The authors assess the socio-economic situation on both sides of Russian borders and the contrasts between neighboring territories in the mirror of the structure and the polonifa of land use and the density of polonida and roads.

The authors come to the conclusion that the border space experiences further fragmentation. Their asynchrony is quickly increasing the asymmetry of cross-border interactions. Vladimir Kolosov [ vladimirkolossov gmail.

Russia Andrei Medvedev [ a.

Russia Maria Zotova [ zotovam bk. Research encompassed analysis of the scope of cooperation in terms of subject matter and type of beneficiary, as well as analysis of the transborder cooperation network using SNA. All beneficiaries and projects pursued under the Poland-Belarus-Ukraine Cross-Border Cooperation Programme within the framework of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument were examined.

Cooperation structures in the Polish-Ukrainian-Belarusian borderland area were then compared with those in the Polish-Czech and Polish-Slovak border areas.

The cooperation network in the eastern borderland of Poland thus differs greatly from those in the south. Changing patterns of air traffic in the Baltic Sea Region in connection to European integration.

The geo-political transition in had long term consequences for the European integration process. The integration and regionalisation processes following the transition resulted in a transformation of territorial grographia in and around the region; the functions of the borders changed.

Mobility is vital for these processes. This paper is based on a longitudinal study of the geograhia of air traffic from airports in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea Region, The purpose of the paper is to discuss how the development of infrastructure and transport networks influence regionalisation geograpnia in the Baltic Sea Region.

Firstly, the impact of macro-economic development as a driver of internationalisation in the polonicq is analysed, thereafter therelationship geoyraphia institutional transition and regional system development.

Geographia Polonica

There are three periods of large increase in traffic from the Baltic States towards Western Europe, related to institutional change: Aviation from Minsk and Kaliningrad have also shown substantial increase in air traffic, but mainly to other parts of the former Soviet Union.

There is thus little evidence of a regionalisation process involving the whole region. Geo-political changebordersmobilityaviationthe Baltic Sea Region. Jan Henrik Nilsson [ jan-henrik. The local border traffic zone experiment as an instrument of cross-border integration: The case of Polish-Russian borderland. The main objective of this article is to offer an answer to the question whether introducing local border traffic LBT on the external frontiers of the EU is an effective tool for cross-border integration and development of marginalised border areas.


The analysis was carried out in an area of particular strategic importance for the European Community and Russia, which is the Polish-Russian borderland. The study includes the analysis of political discourse supplied with the findings from the original survey revealing mutual perception of Polish and Russian partners. The authors drew special attention to the significance of delimitation of areas included in the visa-free traffic.

The decision to shut down the LBT has proved yet again that socio-economic initiatives in border regions are deterministically dependent on the decisions of central governments. Iwona Sagan [ geois univ. Poland Vladimir Kolosov [ vladimirkolossov gmail. Poland Maria Zotova [ zotovam bk. Russia Alexander Sebentsov [ sebentsov gmail.

Russia Klaudia Nowicka [ geokn univ.

Comparison of cross-border shopping tourism activities at the Polish and Romanian external borders of European Union. The purpose of the po,onica paper is to debate the cross-border shopping tourism activities taking place at the external borders of the European Union in Poland and Romania. The work focuses on a comparative analyses of three borders from Poland and three borders from Romania. They had a similar history, underwent a period of political and economic transformation and both countries joined the EU in a short space of time.

The research is composed from a theoretical and empirical approach. Geoggraphia theoretical research results show similarities in the evolutions of cross-border shopping tourism activities from both countries. The empirical research updates the situation of cross-border shopping tourism activities.

The results show a different evolution of this kind of tourism activities, which has been more predominant at the Polish borders than at the Romanian geogtaphia, mainly motivated geograpia the stronger market differences existing between Poland and its neighbours, than between Romania and its neighbours.

The economic geogrpahia are still strong with a focus of customers on better price benefits and discount opportunities. The leisure elements, although not predominant poloniva present, mainly in Poland, the customers being mainly motivated by the pleasure emerged from the shopping activity. In terms of shopping, the dominant role is played by the shopping, in their old forms bazaar, local market or a transformed department stores or their new forms commercial centres or mallsincreasingly incorporating also elements of leisure.

Political borders under ecological control in the Polish borderlands. In Central and Eastern Europe, including Poland, many protected areas are situated in the borderlands.

These borderlines overlap with each another — can be visible or not, and function as barriers to the flows and economic activity of human beings, with their juridical consequences. In this paper the focus has been placed on the role of that borders play in the construction of space, especially in relation to attractive natural areas in the borderlands of Poland, whether or not they are protected.

Polandbordernational parktransboundary cooperationprotected areaeco-frontier. Central EuropeHungarybordersborder politicsnational scalecross-border cooperation James Wesley Scott [ james.